difference between 5r110 and 5r110w transmission

What is difference between 5r110 and 5r110w transmission

Key Differences between 5R110 and ford 5r110w:

  • Mechanical Structure: While both transmissions are built robustly, the 5R110W has been updated with advanced components for better performance.
  • Torque converter designs: The 5R110 transmission features a 6-stud torque converter, while the 5R110W transmission has an 8-stud torque converter.
  • Electronic Control System: The 5R110W boasts an improved electronic control system, enhancing its diagnostic capabilities.
  • Vehicle Compatibility: The 5R110 is commonly found in older models, whereas the 5R110W is integrated into more recent vehicles.

The world of automotive transmissions can be intricate, but understanding the nuances is crucial, especially when it comes to the 5R110 and the 5R110W. These two might sound similar, but they have distinct differences that set them apart. Whether you’re a vehicle enthusiast, a mechanic, or someone considering a vehicle purchase, grasping these differences can be invaluable.

Why is it essential to know the difference? Well, transmissions play a pivotal role in how a vehicle performs. By understanding the distinctions between the 5R110 and 5R110W, you can make informed decisions, whether it’s for maintenance, purchase, or general knowledge. Let’s dive deep into this topic and shed light on the intricacies of these two automatic transmissions.

Note: Always consult with a professional before making any decisions related to vehicle transmissions.

Tip: Regular maintenance can extend the life of your transmission, regardless of its type.

Comparison table for the 5R110 and Ford 5R110W TorqShift Transmission Specs & Ratios:

Feature/Specification5R110 TorqShift5R110W TorqShift
Transmission Ratios
1st3.11 : 13.09 : 1
2nd2.22 : 12.20 : 1
3rd1.55 : 11.54 : 1
4th1.09 : 11.10 : 1
5th1.00 : 11.00 : 1
R2.88 : 12.88 : 1
General Specs
TransmissionFord TorqShift 5R110Ford TorqShift 5R110W
Type5 speed automatic overdrive transmission5 speed automatic overdrive transmission
Production PlantSharonville, OhioSharonville, Ohio
PredecessorFord 4R100Ford 5R110
Model Years/Applications2003 – 2007 (6.0L Power Stroke diesel)Various, including newer Ford models
Case MaterialAluminumAluminum
Max Input Torque1,050 lb-ft*1,100 lb-ft*
Weight~ 290 lbs w/ fluid~ 295 lbs w/ fluid
Transmission Filter P/NVarious (e.g., Motorcraft FT-144)Various
Service IntervalsEvery 30,000 milesEvery 30,000 miles
Features5 forward speeds, RWD applicationAdvanced electronic control system

*Note: The exact torque values and other specifications might vary based on the specific model and application. Always refer to the manufacturer’s manual for precise details.

History and Development 

Building A Ford 5R110 Trans - Diesel World

5R110: The Beginning The 5R110, often referred to as the “TorqShift”, marked a significant leap in the world of transmissions when it was introduced. Designed primarily for heavy-duty trucks, this transmission was built to handle the demands of powerful engines and heavy loads.

5R110W: The Evolution The 5R110W, the successor to the 5R110, came with notable improvements. While retaining the robustness of its predecessor, it introduced advanced features, making it more adaptable and efficient. With gasoline engines, from 5.4L to 6.8L, it’s a smooth waltz. But when it teams up with the diesel engines, like the 6.0L or 6.4L, it’s a powerful tango, ready for the extra kick. No matter the engine, this transmission knows its steps!


  • 2003: Introduction of the 5R110, revolutionizing the heavy-duty truck segment.
  • 2005: The 5R110W makes its debut, bringing along enhanced features and improved performance metrics.


“Innovation is the calling card of the future.” – Anna Eshoo

Table: Quick Comparison

Introduction Year20032005
Primary UseHeavy-duty trucksModern vehicles with advanced requirements
Key ImprovementEnhanced electronic control system

Tip: When considering a transmission upgrade or replacement, always check the compatibility with your vehicle’s model and year.

Technical Differences 

difference between 5r110 and 5r110w transmission

Mechanical Aspects:

  • Gearing: Both the 5R110 and 5R110W are designed with multiple gears, but the 5R110W boasts a more refined gearing system, ensuring smoother transitions and better fuel efficiency.
  • Build Quality: The 5R110 is robust and built for endurance. In contrast, the 5R110W, while still durable, emphasizes efficiency and adaptability to modern driving conditions.
  • Torque Handling: The 5R110 was a game-changer in its time, handling high torque levels with ease. The 5R110W takes it a step further, accommodating even higher torque levels without compromising on performance.
  • Clutch: The 5R110W transmission, featuring modern electronics and a lockup clutch, is popular in recent Ford models. On the other side, the 5r110 transmission, with its non-lockup clutch and hydraulic controls, is favored in older Fords, especially for heavy-duty reliability.
  • Gear ratio: The main gear ratio difference between both is in first gear. The 5R110 has a first gear ratio of 2.71, while the 5R110W has a first gear ratio of 3.09. 

Here is a table of the gear ratios for both transmissions:


Performance Metrics:

  • Shift Quality: The 5R110W offers smoother and quicker shifts, thanks to its advanced electronic control system, making for a more comfortable driving experience.
  • Fuel Efficiency: With its refined gearing system and improved torque converter, the 5R110W tends to offer better fuel efficiency compared to the 5R110.
  • Heat Dissipation: Overheating can be a concern with transmissions, especially during heavy loads. The 5R110W has improved mechanisms to manage and dissipate heat effectively.

Durability and Longevity:

  • Lifespan: While both transmissions are built to last, the 5R110W, with its advanced features, tends to have a longer lifespan when maintained properly.
  • Maintenance Needs: The 5R110 is straightforward and requires standard maintenance. The 5R110W, being more sophisticated, might need more frequent check-ups, especially for its electronic components.

Chart: Performance Overview

Shift QualityGoodExcellent
Fuel EfficiencyModerateHigh
Heat ManagementStandardAdvanced


“It’s not about being the best. It’s about being better than you were yesterday.” – Unknown

Note: Regular maintenance and timely check-ups can significantly enhance the performance and longevity of both transmissions.

Power Capabilities

Both the 5R110 and 5R110W transmissions are designed to handle significant power, but they have distinct capabilities based on the engines they’re paired with:

  • 5R110: Traditionally paired with earlier engine models, this transmission is built to manage the power outputs of those engines efficiently. While robust, its power handling might be limited compared to the 5R110W.
  • 5R110W: Upgraded to cater to modern engines, especially the 6.4L diesel, this transmission is enhanced to manage higher torque and power. The internal upgrades in the 5R110W make it more adaptable to the increased power demands of newer engines.

Electronic Differences

Electronic Control System:

  • 5R110: This transmission operates with a relatively basic electronic control system. It uses sensors to gather data and adjust the transmission’s performance based on pre-set parameters.
  • 5R110W: A more sophisticated system is at play here. The 5R110W’s electronic control system is adaptive, meaning it can learn and adjust to the driver’s habits and the vehicle’s conditions in real-time, ensuring optimal performance.

Diagnostic System:

  • 5R110: Diagnostics for the 5R110 are straightforward. While it can communicate with diagnostic tools, the range of codes and feedback it provides is limited.
  • 5R110W: With its advanced electronic setup, the 5R110W offers a broader range of diagnostic feedback. This makes troubleshooting more precise, helping mechanics pinpoint issues with greater accuracy.


  • 5R110: The programming on the 5R110 is static. While it can be updated, it doesn’t adapt or change based on driving conditions.
  • 5R110W: One of the standout features of the 5R110W is its adaptive programming. It can adjust its behavior based on various factors, from driving habits to environmental conditions, ensuring smoother operation.

Table: Electronic Features Overview

Control SystemBasicAdvanced


“In the world of electronics, it’s not just about power; it’s about control and precision.” – Tech Enthusiast

Tip: Regular software updates can enhance the electronic performance of the 5R110W, ensuring it remains in sync with the latest advancements.

Applications and Usage

Common Vehicles Using 5R110:

  • Trucks: The 5R110 has been a staple in many heavy-duty trucks, known for its durability and ability to handle high torque levels.
  • Commercial Vehicles: Due to its robust nature, the 5R110 is also found in various commercial vehicles, including vans and buses.

Common Vehicles Using 5R110W:

  • Modern Trucks: With advancements in technology, the 5R110W has become a preferred choice for newer truck models, offering smoother shifts and better fuel efficiency.
  • Specialized Vehicles: Some off-road vehicles and towing trucks have adopted the 5R110W for its adaptive programming and advanced electronic features.

Advantages in Specific Scenarios:

  • 5R110: Its straightforward design and durability make it ideal for heavy-duty applications and situations where sophisticated electronics might not be necessary.
  • 5R110W: The adaptive programming of the 5R110W makes it suitable for varied driving conditions, from city drives to off-road adventures.

Chart: Vehicle Compatibility

TransmissionTrucksCommercial VehiclesModern TrucksSpecialized Vehicles


“The right transmission can transform a vehicle, enhancing its performance, efficiency, and driving experience.” – Auto Expert

Note: While both transmissions have their unique advantages, it’s essential to choose the one that aligns with the specific needs of the vehicle and its intended use.

Cost Implications

Price Comparison:

  • 5R110: Being an older model, the initial cost of the 5R110 is generally lower than its successor. However, prices can vary based on the condition and source.
  • 5R110W: As a more advanced transmission with enhanced features, the 5R110W tends to be priced higher. The added cost often reflects its improved performance and longevity.

Maintenance Costs:

  • 5R110: While its sturdy design requires less frequent maintenance, when issues do arise, parts and repairs can be more expensive due to its age and decreasing availability.
  • 5R110W: Regular maintenance for the 5R110W might be more frequent due to its intricate electronic systems. However, with more parts available and widespread knowledge, maintenance costs can be relatively lower.

Long-term Value:

  • 5R110: Its durability ensures a long lifespan, but potential repair costs should be considered when evaluating its long-term value.
  • 5R110W: The adaptive features and advanced diagnostics of the 5R110W can lead to fewer long-term issues, potentially offering better value over time.

Tip: Always consider both the initial cost and potential maintenance expenses when evaluating the total cost of ownership for a transmission.

Making an informed decision about which transmission to opt for requires a clear understanding of both the upfront costs and potential future expenses. By weighing the initial price against long-term value and maintenance costs, vehicle owners can choose the option that offers the best value for their needs.

User Reviews and Feedback

Common Praises for 5R110:

  1. Durability: Many users appreciate the 5R110 for its robust design, often highlighting its ability to withstand heavy-duty use without frequent issues.
  2. Consistency: Users often mention the consistent performance of the 5R110, especially in older truck models.
  3. Ease of Maintenance: Despite being an older model, many mechanics are familiar with the 5R110, making repairs straightforward.

The Common Praises for 5R110W:

  1. Smooth Performance: The 5R110W is often lauded for its smooth shifting, especially in varied driving conditions.
  2. Adaptive Features: Users appreciate the transmission’s ability to adapt to different driving scenarios, enhancing the overall driving experience.
  3. Advanced Diagnostics: The electronic diagnostics of the 5R110W are a hit among users, allowing for easier troubleshooting.

Common Criticisms for Each:

  • 5R110: Some users have pointed out that parts for the 5R110 can be harder to find due to its age.
  • 5R110W: A few users mention occasional electronic glitches, requiring software updates or resets.


“A transmission doesn’t just drive a vehicle forward; it defines the driving experience.” – Car Enthusiast

Note: While user reviews offer valuable insights, it’s essential to remember that individual experiences can vary. Factors like vehicle maintenance, driving habits, and external conditions can influence transmission performance.

Topical Authority


  • Ford Motor Company: As the primary manufacturer of both the 5R110 and 5R110W transmissions, Ford has been at the forefront of their development and innovation. Their commitment to enhancing driving experiences has led to the evolution from 5R110 to the more advanced 5R110W. Quote: “Innovation is the heartbeat of progress. At Ford, we continuously strive to enhance our products for the ultimate driving experience.” – Ford Spokesperson

Other Automotive Manufacturers: While Ford is the primary producer, other manufacturers have taken cues from the design and functionality of these transmissions, incorporating similar features into their products.

Industry Experts:

  • Automotive Engineers Specialized in Transmissions: These experts have a deep understanding of the mechanical intricacies of transmissions. Their insights into the evolution from 5R110 to 5R110W highlight the advancements in technology and design.
  • Mechanics and Technicians Familiar with 5R110 and 5R110W: On the ground, these professionals deal with the practical aspects of these transmissions. Their hands-on experience provides valuable feedback on performance, maintenance, and common issues. Tip: Always consult with a seasoned mechanic or technician when facing issues with your transmission. Their expertise can save time and money.

Note: The authority figures in the automotive industry play a crucial role in shaping perceptions and understanding of products. Their insights, combined with user feedback, offer a comprehensive view of the 5R110 and 5R110W transmissions.


1. What are the main differences between the 5R110 and 5R110W?

  • The 5R110 is an older model with a focus on durability and consistent performance. The 5R110W, on the other hand, boasts advanced electronic features, adaptive capabilities, and smoother shifting.

2. Which vehicles commonly use the 5R110 and 5R110W transmissions?

  • Both transmissions are primarily found in Ford trucks, with the 5R110 being common in older models and the 5R110W in newer ones.

3. Are parts for the 5R110 hard to find?

  • Given its age, some parts for the 5R110 might be harder to source compared to the 5R110W. However, many mechanics are familiar with it, making repairs more straightforward.

4. How do the maintenance costs compare between the two?

  • While the 5R110 is sturdy and requires less frequent maintenance, when issues arise, parts can be more expensive. The 5R110W might need more regular maintenance due to its electronic systems but can have relatively lower costs due to part availability.

5. Are the electronic features in the 5R110W reliable?

  • Generally, the 5R110W’s electronic features enhance the driving experience. However, occasional electronic glitches might require software updates or resets.

Note: These FAQs are based on common queries from users and enthusiasts. It’s always recommended to consult with a professional or the manufacturer for specific concerns.


In the world of transmissions, understanding the nuances between models like the 5R110 and 5R110W can significantly impact one’s driving experience. From their historical development to the intricate technical and electronic differences, it’s evident that both have their unique strengths and applications. While the 5R110 stands as a testament to durability, the 5R110W showcases the advancements in automotive technology. As with any vehicle component, informed decisions based on thorough research can lead to better performance and longevity. For more insights into automotive distinctions, check out the differences between the Bronco and Bronco Sport. Ultimately, whether you lean towards the 5R110 or the 5R110W, both transmissions promise a robust driving experience.

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